Section 8 notices: How do they work and what are the grounds?

With Section 21 evictions set to be abolished in the near future, Jason HayterDispute Resolution Lawyer, takes a look at the alternative: Section 8 evictions.

He outlines what they are, how they work and the grounds that landlords need to rely on.

What is a Section 8 eviction?

A Section 8 notice is used by landlords to evict a tenant and repossess their property.

It can be used whether or not the fixed term of the tenancy agreement has expired but requires certain grounds to be met and the landlord to give a ‘concrete and evidenced reason’ for eviction.

In this way, Section 8 evictions differ from Section 21 ‘no-fault’ evictions which do not require a reason for repossession.

These no-fault evictions are set to be scrapped as part of the Renters’ (Reform) Bill, leaving Section 8 as the only option for landlords wishing to evict.

Currently, Section 8 notices are commonly served where the tenant is in rent arrears (of various circumstances) or has demonstrated anti-social behaviour at the property. A full list of current grounds are provided below.

What are the grounds for a Section 8 notice?

Section 8 evictions, in current law, have two types grounds, mandatory grounds, where the Court must grant Possession, and discretionary grounds where the Court may grant possession which can be seen in the Housing Act 1988, Schedule 2.

This Schedule provides 17 grounds in total which a landlord could use in support of their case.

The most common grounds which are relied on by landlords are rent arrears over 2 months’ up until the date of a possession hearing (mandatory), any rent arrears at all (discretionary), persistent rent arrears (discretionary), and anti-social behaviour (discretionary).

The full list of current Grounds are:

Mandatory Grounds

  • Ground 1: The Landlord requires possession as he used to occupy the property as his main home, or he now wishes to occupy the property as his main home.
  • Ground 2: The property is subject to a mortgage and the mortgagee is now entitled to exercise a power of sale.
  • Ground 3: The tenancy is a fixed term of not more than 8 months and the property was previously a holiday let.
  • Ground 4: The tenancy is a fixed term of not more than 12 months and the property is student accommodation let out of term.
  • Ground 5: The property is that of a minister of religion.
  • Ground 6: The property requires redevelopment.
  • Ground 7: The tenant has died.
  • Ground 8: The tenant is in rental arrears.

Discretionary grounds

  • Ground 9: Suitable alternative accommodation is available for the tenant upon possession.
  • Ground 10: The tenant is in arrears of rent.
  • Ground 11: The tenant has persistently delayed paying rent, whether or not the rent is currently in arrears.
  • Ground 12: Any obligation of the tenancy has been broken, other than payment of rent.
  • Ground 13: Due to the tenant’s conduct, the property has deteriorated.
  • Ground 14: The tenant is causing a nuisance or annoyance to people residing at the property or visiting the property. The tenant is convicted in engaging in illegal or using the property for immoral purposes.
  • Ground 15: The tenant has allowed the landlords’ furniture to deteriorate due to ill-treatment.
  • Ground 16: The tenant occupies the property due to his former employment by the landlord.
  • Ground 17: The Landlord granted the tenancy as a result of a statement made by the tenant which is later found to be false.

How does the Renters’ (Reform) Bill affect Section 8 evictions?

Click here to read the full article.

This site uses cookies to offer you a better browsing experience. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies.